While the philosophical discipline of ethics has served as a guide to how humans think about moral reasoning for centuries, our notions of good and bad and right wrong within science and technology have occurred most dramatically over the course of the last 50 years.

Although overwhelmingly limited to its application within the field of medicine and health care, “Bioethics” signifies how, as humans, we should think about what we owe each other as exploration and manipulation of the biological sciences change. Our capacity to alter what it means to be human and our ability to control and influence our natural environment pose profound implications to our future as a species and the health of the planet.

Artificial Intelligence

AI in healthcare is an umbrella term to describe the application of machine learning (ML) algorithms and other cognitive technologies in medical settings. In the simplest sense, AI is when computers and other machines mimic human cognition and are capable of learning, thinking, and making decisions or taking actions.

Environment

Environmental bioethics is an undertaking that seeks just social arrangements that can promote human well-being and, at the same time, preserve the natural environment, both now and in the future. The core of the environmental bioethics portfolio consists of three basic issues: technology, toxics, and consumption.

IRBs

Institutional Review Boards (IRBs) and Protection of Human Subjects in Clinical Trials. Under FDA regulations, an IRB is a group that has been formally designated to review and monitor biomedical research involving human subjects.

Human Subjects Research

Human subjects research is any research involving a living individual about whom data or biospecimens are obtained/used/studied/analyzed.